Readers ask: Plato And How He Would Make A Decision?

Who should rule according to Plato?

Plato’s ideal and just state is an aristocracy, the rule of the best. He believed leaders needed to be wise and trained in how to run a state, just as captains of ships are trained in how to run a ship. He divided his ideal state into three classes.

Who is Plato and what did he do?

Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least 25.

What was Plato trying to prove?

Plato’s Theory of Forms The Theory of Forms, which Plato maintained and tried to prove in all his works, claims that there is a higher, invisible, realm above the world one sees and this realm is truer, better, and more beautiful than anything one sees on earth.

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What qualities does Plato suggest for the ruling class?

Philosopher-kings/Guardians Plato’s ideal rulers are philosopher-kings. Not only are they the most wise, but they are also virtuous and selfless. To combat corruption, Plato’s Socrates suggests that the rulers would live simply and communally.

What were Plato’s main ideas?

Plato believed that reality is divided into two parts: the ideal and the phenomena. The ideal is the perfect reality of existence. The phenomena are the physical world that we experience; it is a flawed echo of the perfect, ideal model that exists outside of space and time. Plato calls the perfect ideal the Forms.

What is the dominant trait for philosophers According to Plato?

The dominant feature of the philosopher is his love for total wisdom and not part of it (475e). Also, the philosopher finds joy in the enjoyment of every lesson and with all his heart drives for learning and again he does not greet (475c).

Who was Plato and why is he relevant to culture?

The Athenian philosopher Plato (c. 428-347 B.C.) is one of the most important figures of the Ancient Greek world and the entire history of Western thought. In his written dialogues he conveyed and expanded on the ideas and techniques of his teacher Socrates.

In which Plato most reliable earliest work is mentioned?

Answer: Plato’s dialogues, along with “Apologia,” his written account of the trial of Socrates, are viewed by historians as the most accurate available picture of the elder philosopher, who left no written works of his own..

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How does Aristotle different from Plato?

Aristotle also investigated areas of philosophy and fields of science that Plato did not seriously consider. According to a conventional view, Plato’s philosophy is abstract and utopian, whereas Aristotle’s is empirical, practical, and commonsensical.

What did Plato not believe in?

Furthermore, Plato did not believe that ideas could be invented, because he believed that all things exist as eternal, unchanging forms and that human beings can merely perceive these forms. In other words Plato believed that humans can discover ideas, but not invent them.

What is a form according to Plato?

The Forms, according to Plato, are the essences of various objects. Forms are the qualities that an object must have to be considered that type of object. For example, there are countless chairs in the world but the Form of “chairness” is at the core of all chairs.

How did Plato treat the distinction between appearance and reality?

Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is a reflection on the distinction between appearance and reality. Plato argues that there is the world of appearances and there is the real world. It is just that in the Allegory of the Cave, the focus is on the person who can reach the highest level of knowledge.

What point did Plato and Aristotle agree?

Plato and Aristotle here agree on two points: a: They both approved an aristocratic rule. The Plato believed in philosopher king-rule by reason and wisdom while as Aristotle advocated in rule by merit i.e aristocracy.

What is Plato theory of ideal state?

Plato proposes that an ideal state will be governed by a person who is highly educated, has passion for truth and has achieved the greatest wisdom of knowledge of the good. The ruler of this ideal state is called the Philosopher king.

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What did Plato think should rule the soul quizlet?

What did Plato think should rule the soul? Plato believed that he could give the best lecture on an ideal society.

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