## What is a decision rule in statistics?

A decision rule spells out the circumstances under which you would reject the null hypothesis. Usually a decision rule will usually list specific values of a test statistic, values which support the alternate hypothesis (the hypothesis you wish to prove or test) and which are contradictory to the null hypothesis.

## What would be an appropriate decision rule?

The decision rule would be: if the observed data is in the rejection region, then reject H0. If not, we fail to reject H0. Note that it is not always the best way that we choose most extreme value as the cutoff value. Or else the world is simple.

## What is the decision rule for t test?

The decision rule, ” reject if |t| > critical value associated with α” is equivalent to “reject if p < α." SAS will provide the p-value, the probability that T is more extreme than observed t. The decision rule, "reject if |t| > critical value associated with α” is equivalent to “reject if p < α."

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## What is p-value formula?

The p-value is calculated using the sampling distribution of the test statistic under the null hypothesis, the sample data, and the type of test being done (lower-tailed test, upper-tailed test, or two-sided test). The p-value for: an upper-tailed test is specified by: p-value = P(TS ts | H is true) = 1 – cdf(ts)

## What is disjunctive decision rule?

The disjunctive decision rule establishes a minimum level of performance for each important attribute (often a fairly high level). All brands that surpass the performance level for any key attribute are considered acceptable.

## What is the rejection rule?

It is a criterion under which a hypothesis tester decides whether a given hypothesis must be accepted or rejected. The general rule of thumb is that if the value of test statics is greater than the critical value then the null hypothesis is rejected in the favor of the alternate hypothesis.

## What is the economic decision rule?

Economic decision rule. A rule in economics asserting that if the marginal benefit of an action is higher than the marginal cost, then one should undertake the action; however if the marginal cost is higher than the marginal benefit of the action, one should not undertake it.

## How do you know if the hypothesis is accepted?

If the tabulated value in hypothesis testing is more than the calculated value, than the null hypothesis is accepted. Otherwise it is rejected. The last step of this approach of hypothesis testing is to make a substantive interpretation. The second approach of hypothesis testing is the probability value approach.

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## What is p-value in hypothesis testing?

In statistics, the p-value is the probability of obtaining results at least as extreme as the observed results of a statistical hypothesis test, assuming that the null hypothesis is correct. A smaller p-value means that there is stronger evidence in favor of the alternative hypothesis.

## What is the p-value decision rule?

If the P-value is less than (or equal to), then the null hypothesis is rejected in favor of the alternative hypothesis. And, if the P-value is greater than, then the null hypothesis is not rejected. If the P-value is less than (or equal to), reject the null hypothesis in favor of the alternative hypothesis.

## How do you find the p-value in a hypothesis test?

If your test statistic is positive, first find the probability that Z is greater than your test statistic (look up your test statistic on the Z-table, find its corresponding probability, and subtract it from one). Then double this result to get the p-value.

## How do you interpret t test results?

Compare the P-value to the α significance level stated earlier. If it is less than α, reject the null hypothesis. If the result is greater than α, fail to reject the null hypothesis. If you reject the null hypothesis, this implies that your alternative hypothesis is correct, and that the data is significant.

## What is the paired t test?

A paired t-test is used to compare two population means where you have two samples in which observations in one sample can be paired with observations in the other sample. Before-and-after observations on the same subjects (e.g. students’ diagnostic test results before and after a particular module or course).