Readers ask: 9. Who Does Socrates Argue You Should Listen To When Trying To Make A Decision?

Who did Socrates argue with?

The accusers of Socrates were: Anytus, a rich and socially prominent Athenian who opposed the Sophists on principle. Socrates says that Anytus joined the prosecution because he was “vexed on behalf of the craftsmen and politicians” (23e–24a); moreover, Anytus appears in the Meno dialogue (90f).

What did Socrates believe arguments and decisions should be based on?

Instead, Socrates taught that decisions should be made based on what was right or wrong, or good or bad, standards you can achieve through discussion and moral guidance. His belief in the process of inquiry was so strong and pure that it got him killed by being forced to drink hemlock.

What is Socrates main argument?

Socrates argues that he is innocent of both charges. His defense is ultimately unsuccessful, and he is convicted and sentenced to death. Socrates concludes the Apology by arguing that a just man should have no fear of death.

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What did Socrates consider good decision making?

Socrates believed that in order to come to a conclusion, a person needed to approach it with “ thought, sense, judgment, viable knowledge, [and] prudence.” He also believed that bad behavior was the result of ignorance, and those who made mistakes did so because they knew no better.

What does Socrates apologize for at his trial?

Plato’s The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.

What was Socrates wrong about?

Socrates was accused of “impiety” and “corrupting the young” in 399BC – charges many historians think were invented by his prejudiced fellow citizens – and was required to perform his own execution by consuming hemlock.

What is Socrates view on morality?

Socrates thinks that morality is identical to prudence. Many contemporary moral philosophers would give roughly three reasons for postulating the existence of a morality that is distinct from prudence. These are the Happiness of Tyrants Objection, the Intentions Matter Objection and the Kantian Objection.

What did Plato think should rule the soul quizlet?

What did Plato think should rule the soul? Plato believed that he could give the best lecture on an ideal society.

What did Socrates say about law?

Socrates´ thought of justice and obedience to laws is motivated by a will to avoid the destructive effects of Sophistic criticisms and theories of laws. He thus requires-against theories of natural law -an almost absolute obedience to the law, as far as this law respects the legal system of the city.

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What is Socrates dialectic method?

The Socratic method, also known as method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presuppositions.

What are the 5 Socratic questions?

Socratic Questioning

  • Clarifying concepts.
  • Probing assumptions.
  • Probing rationale, reasons and evidence.
  • Questioning viewpoints and perspectives.
  • Probing implications and consequences.
  • Questioning the question.

What sort of life does Socrates think is a good life?

“The good life is a life that questions and thinks about things; it is a life of contemplation, self-examination, and open-minded wondering. The good life is thus an inner life—the life of an inquiring and ever expanding mind.

Is the Socratic method used today?

Today, the Socratic method is often used in medical and legal education in order to help students tap into more difficult concepts and/or principles. Under the Socratic method, there are various ways that professors can question their students.

What is Socrates philosophy of life?

Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

What does an unexamined life is not worth living?

Meaning of – An unexamined life is not worth living. Through this statement, Socrates means that an unexamined human life is deprived of the meaning and purpose of existence. To become fully human means to use our highly developed faculty of thought to raise our existence above that of mere beasts.

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