- 1 What is the difference between the short and the long run when it comes to production decisions?
- 2 What is the difference between short run and long run cost?
- 3 Why the perfectly competitive firm should only break even in the long run?
- 4 How do firms take long run and short run decisions?
- 5 What are stages of production?
- 6 What is the relationship between production and cost?
- 7 What is the average cost curve?
- 8 What are short run and long-run cost curves?
- 9 Why are there no fixed costs in the long-run?
- 10 How do you know if a firm is perfectly competitive?
- 11 When should a company shut down?
- 12 Why do competitive firms make zero profit?
- 13 How long is long run?
- 14 What resources can a firm change in the short run in the long run?
- 15 How is it possible for perfectly competitive firms to maximize profit in the short run versus in the long run?
What is the difference between the short and the long run when it comes to production decisions?
A long run is a time period during which a manufacturer or producer is flexible in its production decisions. The short-run, on the other hand, is the time horizon over which factors of production are fixed, except for labor, which remains variable.
What is the difference between short run and long run cost?
Short Run and Long Run Costs. Long run costs have no fixed factors of production, while short run costs have fixed factors and variables that impact production.
Why the perfectly competitive firm should only break even in the long run?
In perfectly competitive markets, there are no barriers to entry or exit. This is a critical characteristic of perfectly competitive markets because firms are able to freely enter and exit in response to potential profit. Therefore, in the long-run firms cannot make economic profit but can only break even.
How do firms take long run and short run decisions?
The long run is defined as the time horizon needed for a producer to have flexibility over all relevant production decisions. In contrast, economists often define the short run as the time horizon over which the scale of an operation is fixed and the only available business decision is the number of workers to employ.
What are stages of production?
stages of production. -Production within an economy can be divided into three main stages: primary, secondary and tertiary. theory of production. deal with the relationship between the factors of production and the output of goods and services. You just studied 12 terms!
What is the relationship between production and cost?
There is an inverse relationship between production and costs. The harder it is to produce something, for example, the more labor it takes, the higher the cost of producing it, and vice versa.
What is the average cost curve?
The average total cost curve is typically U-shaped. Average variable cost (AVC) is calculated by dividing variable cost by the quantity produced. The average variable cost curve lies below the average total cost curve and is typically U-shaped or upward-sloping.
What are short run and long-run cost curves?
In the short-run, if output is reduced, average cost will rise because the fixed costs will work out at a higher figure. But, in the long-run, fixed costs can be reduced if the output is continued at the low level. Hence, average fixed cost will be lower in the long than in the short run.
Why are there no fixed costs in the long-run?
By definition, there are no fixed costs in the long run, because the long run is a sufficient period of time for all short-run fixed inputs to become variable. Discretionary fixed costs usually arise from annual decisions by management to spend on certain fixed cost items.
How do you know if a firm is perfectly competitive?
What Is Perfect Competition?
- All firms sell an identical product (the product is a “commodity” or “homogeneous”).
- All firms are price takers (they cannot influence the market price of their product).
- Market share has no influence on prices.
When should a company shut down?
In the short run, a firm that is operating at a loss (where the revenue is less that the total cost or the price is less than the unit cost) must decide to operate or temporarily shutdown. The shutdown rule states that “in the short run a firm should continue to operate if price exceeds average variable costs. ”
Why do competitive firms make zero profit?
The existence of economic profits attracts entry, economic losses lead to exit, and in long-run equilibrium, firms in a perfectly competitive industry will earn zero economic profit. It will induce entry or exit in the long run so that price will change by enough to leave firms earning zero economic profit.
How long is long run?
The long run is generally anything from 5 to 25 miles and sometimes beyond. Typically if you are training for a marathon your long run may be up to 20 miles.
What resources can a firm change in the short run in the long run?
All of the production happens in the short run and planning happens in the long run. The factors of production are labor, capital, land and entrepreneurship. Only one of these which can be changed in the short run is labor.
How is it possible for perfectly competitive firms to maximize profit in the short run versus in the long run?
In order to maximize profits in a perfectly competitive market, firms set marginal revenue equal to marginal cost (MR=MC). MR is the slope of the revenue curve, which is also equal to the demand curve (D) and price (P). In the short-term, it is possible for economic profits to be positive, zero, or negative.