- 1 Which address does a router use to make routing decisions?
- 2 How are routing decisions made?
- 3 Which address type does a router use for the determination of the route to forward packets?
- 4 What are the three ways for a router to establish a routing table?
- 5 How do I check my router protocol?
- 6 What is the proper subnet mask for an IP address of 192.168 1.1 24?
- 7 What are the main issues in routing?
- 8 Why do we need routing?
- 9 What are the different types of routing?
- 10 How does a router forward traffic?
- 11 Which route will a router use to forward an IPv4 packet?
- 12 What is router forwarding?
- 13 Which routing protocol is used today?
- 14 What is a level 1 route?
- 15 Which type of entry is found on the router?
Which address does a router use to make routing decisions?
Routers examine the destination IP address of a received packet and make routing decisions accordingly. To determine out which interface the packet will be sent, routers use routing tables. A routing table lists all networks for which routes are known.
How are routing decisions made?
In general, routing protocols can use one of two different approaches to making routing decisions: Distance vectors A distance-vector protocol makes its decision based on a measurement of the distance between the source and the destination addresses.
Which address type does a router use for the determination of the route to forward packets?
The router uses the information in the IP header to decide whether and where to forward each received packet, and which network interface to use to send the packet. Most packets are forwarded based on the packet’s IP destination address, along with routing information held within the router in a routing table.
What are the three ways for a router to establish a routing table?
There are three various procedures for populating a routing table:
- Directly connected subnets.
- Static routing.
- Dynamic routing.
How do I check my router protocol?
show ip route –command will give you the output of running protocol and routes on cisco routers, you can identify the which routing protocol is running on routers by its codes.
What is the proper subnet mask for an IP address of 192.168 1.1 24?
So in the example above we would write 192.168. 1.1/24 which means it takes 24 bits to determine the network address, thus having the netmask 255.255. 255.0.
What are the main issues in routing?
Issues in routing protocol
- Issues in routing Mobility Bandwidth constraint Error prone shared broadcast radio channel hidden and exposed terminal problems Resource Constraints.
- Mobility highly dynamic frequent path breaks frequent topology changes.
Why do we need routing?
Routing is the hub around which all of IP connectivity revolves. At the simplest level, routing establishes basic internetwork communications, implements an addressing structure that uniquely identifies each device, and organizes individual devices into a hierarchical network structure.
What are the different types of routing?
There are 3 types of routing:
- Static routing – Static routing is a process in which we have to manually add routes in routing table.
- Default Routing – This is the method where the router is configured to send all packets towards a single router (next hop).
- Dynamic Routing –
How does a router forward traffic?
Packet-forwarding routers forward packets but do not run routing protocols. This type of router receives packets from one of its interfaces that is connected to a single network. These packets are then forwarded through another interface on the router to another local network.
Which route will a router use to forward an IPv4 packet?
The A level 1 ultimate route is the route that a router would use to forward an IPv4 packet after examining its routing table for the best match with the destination address.
What is router forwarding?
Router port forwarding is used to allow the remote computers to connect to a specific service or computer on a Local Area Network.
Which routing protocol is used today?
While a variety of IGPs are currently used, about the only EGP in use today is the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). This is the routing protocol of the Internet. From talking with administrators who manage a variety of networks, the consensus is that OSPF is becoming the most popular interior routing protocol today.
What is a level 1 route?
A level 1 route is a route with a subnet mask equal to or less than the classful mask of the network address. Therefore, a level 1 route can be a: Network route: A network route has a subnet mask equal to that of the classful mask.
Which type of entry is found on the router?
While processing an incoming packet on a security device, the router performs a routing table lookup to find the appropriate interface that leads to the destination address. Each entry in a routing table—called a route entry or route —is identified by the destination network to which traffic can be forwarded.