- 1 How are decisions taken in the EU?
- 2 Can the European Parliament dismiss the commission?
- 3 Can the EU go beyond the economy?
- 4 Can the EU Commission pass laws?
- 5 Which countries will join EU next?
- 6 How does the Commission make decisions?
- 7 What are the powers of the European Commission?
- 8 What scrutiny and supervisory powers does the European Parliament have over the Commission?
- 9 What is Intergovernmentalism theory?
- 10 What is the future of the European economy?
- 11 How much power does the EU have over member states?
- 12 How does the Commission enforce EU law?
- 13 Are EU laws binding?
- 14 Who is responsible for the law initiation work in EU?
How are decisions taken in the EU?
The EU’s standard decision-making procedure is known as ‘Ordinary Legislative Procedure’ (ex “codecision”). This means that the directly elected European Parliament has to approve EU legislation together with the Council (the governments of the 27 EU countries).
Can the European Parliament dismiss the commission?
The European Parliament has the right to approve and dismiss the European Commission. The candidate is elected by the EP. The EP can censure the Commission and ultimately dismiss it.
Can the EU go beyond the economy?
In certain areas, special competences enable the EU to play a particular role or to go beyond what it is normally allowed under the treaties: coordination of economic and employment policies. definition and implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy.
Can the EU Commission pass laws?
The European Commission has the initiative to propose legislation. During the ordinary legislative procedure, the Council (which are ministers from member state governments) and the European Parliament (elected by citizens) can make amendments and must give their consent for laws to pass.
Which countries will join EU next?
Albania, the Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey are candidate countries. Negotiations are held with each candidate country to determine their ability to apply EU legislation (acquis) and examine their possible request for transition periods.
How does the Commission make decisions?
The Commission makes proposals for new laws. The Parliament reviews the proposals and passes decisions together with the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers and Parliament approve the laws together. The Commission controls that decisions are followed in all member states.
What are the powers of the European Commission?
The Commission oversees the application of Union law and respect for the Treaties by the Member States; it also chairs the committees responsible for the implementation of EU law. The former comitology system has been replaced by new legal instruments, namely implementing and delegated acts.
What scrutiny and supervisory powers does the European Parliament have over the Commission?
Scrutiny: the Parliament has powers over the European Commission and the Presidency of the Council. It can dismiss the Commission and the Commission needs to submit to the European Parliament regular reports, annual legislative programmes and reports on the implementation of the budget.
What is Intergovernmentalism theory?
Intergovernmentalism represents a way for limiting the conferral of powers upon supranational institutions, halting the emergence of common policies.
What is the future of the European economy?
Overall, GDP is now forecast to grow by 3.7% in 2021 and 3.9% in 2022 in the EU, and by 3.8% in both years in the euro area. The EU economy would reach the pre-crisis level of output earlier than anticipated back in the Autumn Forecast, largely because of the stronger momentum in the second half of 2021 and in 2022.
How much power does the EU have over member states?
The EU has the power to lay down the rules on value added tax, for example, but making or changing those rules requires every country to agree. So every member has a veto when it comes to VAT and other taxes. The EU has adopted a Charter of Fundamental Rights to limit its own powers.
How does the Commission enforce EU law?
The primary responsibility for bringing actions for enforcement of EU law lies with the Commission under Article 258 TFEU. This empowers the Commission to bring infringement proceedings against a member state allegedly breaching its obligations under EU law.
Are EU laws binding?
Regulations are legal acts that apply automatically and uniformly to all EU countries as soon as they enter into force, without needing to be transposed into national law. They are binding in their entirety on all EU countries.
Who is responsible for the law initiation work in EU?
Proposing laws The European Commission is responsible for planning, preparing and proposing new European laws. It has the right to do this on its own initiative. The laws it proposes must defend the interests of the Union and its citizens as a whole.