The Decision Making Process
A decision making process is a phased approach, or Step-By-Step Decision method of making a decision. There are many Decision Making Models that can be applied to test the decision making steps along the way, but most decision making processes involve a set number of steps and many .
Decision Making Approach
The most simple of decision approaches may have only three steps, and these will be very high level or generic, such as define problem, gather data, list alternatives.
More sophisticated Decision Frameworks will include more decision making process steps, and the most sophisticated will include how-to-guides for setting up the parameters, decision factors , or boundaries of the area in which the decision is to be made, describe Decision Making Models and Decision Making Tools to be used to analyze the data and choices, and loop back procedures to test to alternatives.
We often think that we use the best decision making method every time. It turns out that even great decision makers often use different Decision Making Models to make actual decisions than they think they do.
Since we may base the criteria for decision making on our most recently used theory, rather than our planned or intended theory, we are not consistent with what we think we should be doing. Each time you make a decision, you might weigh the criteria’s importance differently, which makes for ineffective decision making or decision making mistakes . This also complicates learning from our decisions, as the basis for judging the outcomes changes each time.
Many of us think that we make rational decisions, and are able to block out physical, emotional, psychological and spiritual influences. Unfortunately, this isn’t the case – we weigh different attributes of the problem depending on their relative importance at the moment.
The issue is that there are many Decision Pitfalls that we can experience when making decisions, so we have developed techniques and a Decision Making Process to help enhance our ability to make decisions. We have created Decision Making Tools , templates and guides to enhance what we do well, which is to connect concepts we know, to new ideas.
This adds the abilities that we lack in, such as computing accuracy and speed, templates and short cuts, as well as systematic decision making approaches.
They are based on the values and perceptions of the decision maker and include carefully considered alternatives (such as alternate choices ) and options along with periodic validation of the decision and its effects.
Wise Decisions may or may not follow external influences and expectations. Sound decisions are right for you, based on what you know at a given point in time about your options as well as yourself.
What we have observed, is that Good Decision making is not an accident. It is a repeatable process. Good decision makers take a systematic approach to their decision making. They know or understand what situation they need to resolve and why they need to resolve it. They eliminate distractions, anxiety, subjectivity, and individual bias from the process.
They generally create multiple potential solution options from which to choose. They make their choices based upon relevant facts and information, not on partial or conflicting data.